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Whether you’re a seasoned airsoft pro or just starting out, it’s important to know how to clean your airsoft gun properly. Not cleaning your gun can lead to decreased accuracy, decreased performance, and even damage to the internal parts of the gun.

In this step-by-step guide, we will walk you through how to clean an airsoft gun in detail. By following these simple steps, you can keep your airsoft rifle in top condition for years to come!

How To Clean An Airsoft Gun
How To Clean An Airsoft Gun

Types of Airsoft Guns

There are three types of airsoft guns – gas, electric, and spring-powered. Each type of gun has its own unique cleaning requirements.

1.  Gas-Powered Airsoft Gun

The gas-powered airsoft gun stands as one of the most popular and versatile types of airsoft guns available. Utilizing compressed gas, typically green gas or CO2, these guns propel plastic BB pellets with impressive force and accuracy.

Gas-powered airsoft guns come in various styles, including pistols, rifles, and submachine guns, catering to different playstyles and preferences. These guns offer semi-automatic or even fully automatic firing modes, allowing for rapid and continuous shooting during airsoft skirmishes.

With realistic blowback action and recoil, gas-powered airsoft guns provide an immersive experience akin to firing a real firearm. They are favored by players seeking realism and performance on the airsoft field, offering consistent power and reliability in various weather conditions.

Additionally, gas-powered airsoft guns often feature adjustable hop-up systems for enhanced accuracy and range, making them suitable for both close-quarters combat and long-range engagements. Overall, the gas-powered airsoft gun remains a popular choice among airsoft enthusiasts for its realism, power, and performance on the battlefield.

2.  Electric Airsoft Gun

The electric airsoft gun, also known as AEG (Automatic Electric Gun), is one of the most prevalent and versatile types of airsoft guns on the market. Powered by rechargeable batteries, typically NiMH or LiPo, these guns offer consistent and reliable performance with semi-automatic and fully automatic firing modes.

Electric airsoft guns come in various styles, including rifles, submachine guns, and pistols, catering to different player preferences and roles on the airsoft field. They feature electric motors that drive a gearbox, which in turn compresses a spring to propel plastic BB pellets.

Electric airsoft guns often offer high rates of fire and customizable features such as adjustable hop-up systems for improved accuracy and range. With their ease of use, low maintenance requirements, and compatibility with various accessories like scopes and grips, electric airsoft guns are popular among beginners and experienced players alike. They provide a balance of power, reliability, and versatility, making them suitable for a wide range of airsoft skirmishes and scenarios.

3. Spring-Powered Airsoft Gun

The spring-powered airsoft gun, often referred to as a springer, is a classic and straightforward type of airsoft gun that operates purely on mechanical power. Unlike electric or gas-powered guns, springers rely on a manually cocked spring mechanism to compress and release air, propelling the BB pellet forward.

This simple design makes them highly reliable and easy to use, requiring no batteries or gas cartridges to operate. Spring-powered airsoft guns are typically single-shot, requiring the user to manually cock the spring after each shot, which can slow down the rate of fire compared to other types of airsoft guns.

However, they offer consistent performance and are often preferred by beginners due to their simplicity and affordability. Springers come in various styles, including pistols, rifles, and shotguns, making them suitable for a range of airsoft games and scenarios. While they may lack the rapid-fire capabilities of electric or gas guns, spring-powered airsoft guns are prized for their reliability, durability, and ease of maintenance, making them a popular choice among both casual and serious airsoft enthusiasts.

How To Clean An Airsoft Rifle
How To Clean An Airsoft Rifle

How To Choose An Airsoft Gun?

1.  Type of Game

When you are choosing which airsoft gun,  the type of game you will play should factor heavily into your decision-making process. If you will mostly be involved in close-quarters combat, then you need a smaller and lighter airsoft gun that allows you to be highly mobile and maneuver quickly. However, if you will be engaged in more long-range combat, then you should opt for an airsoft gun with better accuracy and range.

2.  Weight

The weight of an airsoft gun is a critical factor to consider when choosing the right one for your needs. The weight of the gun can significantly impact your comfort and handling during extended periods of use.

Lighter guns are generally easier to maneuver and carry for long durations, making them ideal for fast-paced gameplay or situations where mobility is crucial. On the other hand, heavier guns may provide a more realistic feel and steadier shooting platform, but they can also cause fatigue more quickly, especially during prolonged skirmishes.

Additionally, the weight distribution of the gun, including factors such as balance and ergonomics, can influence how comfortable it is to shoulder and aim. Ultimately, finding the right balance between weight and functionality is essential to ensure optimal performance and enjoyment on the airsoft field.

3.  Price

When selecting an airsoft gun, the price is a significant factor to consider. Airsoft guns are available across a wide price range, from budget-friendly options to high-end models with advanced features. The price of the gun often reflects its quality, durability, performance, and additional features such as realistic design and adjustable components.

While budget-friendly options may be appealing for beginners or casual players, they may lack the durability or performance of higher-priced models. On the other hand, investing in a more expensive airsoft gun can often result in better build quality, improved accuracy, and enhanced reliability, providing a more satisfying and long-lasting experience.

However, it’s essential to weigh the price against your budget and intended usage to ensure you’re getting the best value for your money. Additionally, considering factors such as warranties, customer support, and potential upgrade options can further inform your decision-making process when it comes to the price of an airsoft gun.

Cleaning An Airsoft Rifle
Cleaning An Airsoft Rifle

How To Clean an Airsoft Rifle?

1. Remove the Magazine

When cleaning an airsoft gun, it’s essential not to overlook the magazine, as it plays a crucial role in the gun’s performance. The magazine is where the BBs are stored and fed into the gun’s chamber for firing, making it susceptible to dirt, debris, and lubricant buildup over time.

To clean the magazine, start by removing it from the gun and disassembling it if possible. Use a soft, dry cloth or a brush to remove any visible dirt or residue from the exterior of the magazine. Pay close attention to the feeding lip and the follower, as these are critical components that can affect the gun’s feeding reliability.

Next, inspect the interior of the magazine for any remaining dirt or debris, and use compressed air or a cleaning rod with a cloth attachment to remove it. Be cautious not to use any harsh chemicals or solvents that could damage the plastic or metal components of the magazine. Once clean, reassemble the magazine and ensure it functions smoothly before reloading it with BBs and reattaching it to the airsoft gun. Regularly cleaning and maintaining the magazine will help ensure reliable feeding and optimal performance during airsoft games.

2. Remove Any BBs From the Gun

Before cleaning your airsoft gun, it’s crucial to remove any BBs from the gun’s magazine and chamber to prevent accidental discharge and damage to the gun or injury to yourself. Start by removing the magazine from the gun and emptying it of any remaining BBs.

Then, if the gun is cocked, carefully discharge it in a safe direction following the manufacturer’s instructions. Ensure that the chamber is clear of any BBs by visually inspecting and physically checking with a cleaning rod if necessary. Once you’ve confirmed that the gun is unloaded, you can proceed with disassembling and cleaning it with peace of mind. Always remember to treat airsoft guns with the same respect and caution as real firearms to ensure safe handling and operation.

Clean Airsoft Rifle
Clean Airsoft Rifle

3. Remove Any Debris From the Gun

When cleaning an airsoft gun, it’s essential to remove any debris that may have accumulated inside or outside the gun. Debris such as dirt, dust, or residue from BBs can affect the gun’s performance and potentially cause malfunctions.

Start by visually inspecting the exterior of the gun, paying close attention to areas where debris is likely to accumulate, such as the barrel, magazine well, and trigger assembly. Use a soft brush or cloth to gently remove any visible debris, taking care not to scratch or damage the gun’s finish.

For the interior components, such as the barrel and hop-up chamber, use a cleaning rod or cotton swab to remove any dirt or residue. Regularly cleaning and maintaining your airsoft gun will help ensure optimal performance and longevity.

4. Clean the Barrel of the Gun

Cleaning the barrel of an airsoft gun is a crucial step in maintaining its accuracy and performance. Over time, dirt, debris, and residue from BBs can accumulate inside the barrel, affecting the gun’s accuracy and potentially causing jams.

To clean the barrel, start by removing the inner barrel from the gun, if possible, following the manufacturer’s instructions. Then, use a cleaning rod or a piece of cloth attached to a cleaning rod to gently wipe away any dirt or debris inside the barrel.

Be careful not to damage the barrel’s surface or any internal components. For stubborn residue, you can use a barrel cleaning solution or solvent applied to a cleaning patch to help break it down. After cleaning, thoroughly dry the barrel with a dry cleaning patch or cloth before reassembling the gun. Regularly cleaning the barrel of your airsoft gun will help maintain its accuracy and ensure reliable performance during gameplay.

Clean Airsoft Gun Tips
Clean Airsoft Gun Tips

5. Clean the Exterior

Cleaning the exterior of an airsoft gun is an essential step in keeping it in good condition and prolonging its lifespan. Start by wiping down the entire surface of the gun with a clean, dry cloth to remove any dust, dirt, or fingerprints.

For stubborn stains or residue, you can use a mild detergent or gun cleaner applied to a soft cloth to gently scrub the affected areas. Be sure to avoid getting any liquids into the gun’s internal components, especially electrical parts in electric airsoft guns. Pay particular attention to areas such as the barrel, trigger, and magazine well, where dirt and grime tend to accumulate.

Once the exterior is clean, dry the gun thoroughly with a dry cloth to prevent rust or corrosion. Regularly cleaning the exterior of your airsoft gun will not only keep it looking good but also help maintain its performance and functionality over time.

6.  Lubricate the Airsoft Gun

Lubricating the airsoft gun is a crucial step in the cleaning process to ensure smooth operation and prevent wear and tear on its moving parts. Begin by applying a small amount of silicone oil or lubricant to key components such as the slide, trigger mechanism, and any other moving parts.

Be careful not to over-lubricate, as excess oil can attract dirt and debris, leading to potential malfunctions. Use a clean cloth or cotton swab to spread the lubricant evenly and remove any excess.

Additionally, apply a light coat of lubricant to the exterior metal surfaces to protect against rust and corrosion. Always use lubricants specifically designed for airsoft guns, as other types of oils or greases may damage the gun’s materials or affect its performance. Lubricating your airsoft gun regularly will help maintain its reliability and extend its lifespan, ensuring optimal performance during gameplay.

7.  Clean the Receiver, Battery, Sights, Trigger & Motor

Cleaning the receiver, battery, sights, trigger, and motor is essential for maintaining the overall performance and longevity of an airsoft gun. Begin by removing the battery and disassembling the receiver to access the inner components.

Use a soft cloth or cotton swab to gently wipe down the interior surfaces of the receiver, removing any dirt, debris, or residue. Pay close attention to the trigger assembly and motor, ensuring they are free from any obstructions or buildup that could affect their function.

Next, clean the battery terminals with a small brush or cotton swab to remove any corrosion or oxidation, ensuring a proper connection for optimal power output. Inspect the sights for any dirt or smudges that may impair visibility and clean them with a lens cloth or gentle cleaner.

Finally, reassemble the gun and perform a function check to ensure everything operates smoothly before storage or use. Regularly cleaning and maintaining these critical components will help ensure reliable performance and extend the lifespan of your airsoft gun.

Airsoft Rifle Cleaning Ideas
Airsoft Rifle Cleaning Ideas

How To Clean An Airsoft Gun

1.  Don’t rapid-fire the airsoft gun. This can cause the o-ring to freeze.

2.  Don’t slam the magazine into the gun. This can cause the mag lips and nozzle in the slide to break causing the airsoft gun to misfire.

3.  Don’t empty the magazine before allowing the gun to cool off for a short period of time. This weakens the follower spring.

4.  Make sure the slide is not fully retracted for protracted periods of time. This weakens the recoil spring.

5.  Keep a small amount of gas in the magazine to keep the o-rings lubricated when the airsoft gun is not being used for a period of time.

6.  Don’t operate the airsoft gun in cold weather as that impedes its performance.

7.  Don’t leave a magazine full of gas as this can cause the o-rings to deform.

8.  Clean and lubricate the airsoft gun every 1 to 2 months after every game.

9.  Don’t release all of the gas in the magazine. This results in permanent leakage because of deformed and frozen o-rings.

How To Clean An Airsoft Rifle
How To Clean An Airsoft Rifle

How To Unjam An Airsoft Gun?

It is a common problem for your airsoft gun to get jammed. This problem can be easily resolved by following these steps.

1.  Detach the magazine and remove any BBs that are stuck inside.

2.  Remove the battery and disconnect the motor.

3.  Use a cleaning rod to insert a cleaning cloth through the barrel from the breech end to the muzzle.

4.  Clean the gun with a cloth.

5.  Reassemble the gun.

How To Clean An Airsoft Rifle
How To Clean An Airsoft Rifle

What Do You Need To Clean an Airsoft Rifle?

1.  Cleaning Rod

A cleaning rod is an indispensable tool for maintaining the cleanliness and functionality of an airsoft gun. Typically made of durable materials like aluminum or steel, a cleaning rod is designed to safely and effectively remove dirt, debris, and residue from the barrel of the gun.

It usually comes with attachments such as brushes, patches, and jags, allowing for thorough cleaning of the barrel to maintain accuracy and prevent malfunctions. To use a cleaning rod, simply attach the appropriate cleaning tool to the end of the rod, apply solvent or lubricant as needed, and carefully insert it into the barrel of the gun.

By running the rod back and forth several times, the cleaning tool effectively removes fouling and buildup, leaving the barrel clean and ready for use. Regular cleaning with a cleaning rod helps ensure optimal performance and longevity of the airsoft gun.

2.  Cotton Swabs

Cotton swabs are essential tools for cleaning hard-to-reach areas and delicate components of an airsoft gun. With their small, compact design and soft cotton tips, cotton swabs are perfect for removing dirt, dust, and debris from tight spaces such as crevices, corners, and intricate parts of the gun.

They are particularly useful for wiping down the receiver, trigger assembly, magazine well, and other small components that traditional cleaning tools may not reach effectively.

Additionally, cotton swabs can be used with solvents or lubricants to apply cleaning or protective agents to specific areas of the gun, ensuring thorough maintenance and optimal performance. Their disposable nature makes them convenient for cleaning tasks, allowing for quick and efficient maintenance of the airsoft gun after use. Overall, cotton swabs are versatile and indispensable items in the arsenal of any airsoft gun owner for keeping their firearm clean and in top condition.

3.  Compressed Air

Compressed air is a valuable tool for cleaning an airsoft gun, especially for removing dust, dirt, and debris from hard-to-reach areas. Typically stored in cans equipped with nozzles, compressed air blasts out forcefully when the trigger is pressed, creating a powerful stream of air that dislodges particles from intricate components of the gun without causing damage.

It’s particularly useful for cleaning areas such as the barrel, trigger assembly, and magazine well, where manual cleaning methods may be less effective. Compressed air can quickly and efficiently remove built-up grime and ensure that the gun operates smoothly and reliably. Additionally, it’s a convenient and easy-to-use cleaning solution, making it a must-have item in any airsoft gun owner’s cleaning kit.

4.  Cleaning Cloths

Cleaning cloths are essential items for maintaining the cleanliness and appearance of an airsoft gun. These soft and absorbent cloths are typically made from materials like microfiber or cotton, which are gentle on the gun’s surfaces and help prevent scratching or damage during cleaning.

They are versatile tools that can be used to wipe down the exterior of the gun, remove fingerprints, dust, and other contaminants, and polish metal components to a high shine. Additionally, cleaning cloths are useful for applying lubricants or solvents to specific areas of the gun, ensuring proper maintenance and longevity of its parts. With their reusable nature, cleaning cloths are cost-effective and environmentally friendly additions to any airsoft enthusiast’s cleaning kit.

5.  Lubricant

Lubricant is a crucial item needed to clean and maintain an airsoft gun, ensuring smooth operation and preventing premature wear and tear on its moving parts. It comes in various forms, including silicone oil, grease, and spray lubricants, each designed for specific applications within the gun.

Silicone oil is commonly used to lubricate rubber seals, O-rings, and other internal components to maintain their elasticity and prevent leaks. Grease is ideal for high-friction areas such as gears, pistons, and slides, providing long-lasting lubrication and reducing friction to improve performance.

Spray lubricants offer convenient applications and are suitable for general maintenance tasks like protecting metal surfaces from corrosion and displacing moisture. Proper lubrication with the right type of lubricant is essential for ensuring the reliability, longevity, and optimal performance of an airsoft gun.


How often do you need to clean your airsoft gun?
It is best to clean your airsoft gun after every game.
Do airsoft gun bullets hurt?
Airsoft gun bullets do hurt depending on the area of the body it hits.
Can an airsoft gun be lethal
Airsoft guns can be lethal. According to the U. S. consumer product safety commission, about 4 deaths per year are caused by BB guns or pellet rifles.
Can 10-year-old play airsoft
There is no minimum age requirement to play airsoft in the U. S.

The Bottom Line

It is important to clean your airsoft gun for peak performance and good maintenance. It is a simple and methodical process to clean an airsoft rifle. In this article, we discussed not only how to clean an airsoft gun, but also how to maintain it, how to unjam it, and other airsoft gun information. We reviewed the best airsoft rifles and you can read it from this link.