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If you’re looking to bag yourself a deer this hunting season, then it’s important to know how to scout for deer. By identifying and understanding the deer’s patterns and habits, you can put yourself in the best position for a successful hunt. In this blog post, we’ll discuss how to scout the area for deer and tips on how to bag your buck!
Table of Contents
1. Learn To Read Deer Tracks
One of the obvious ways to scout deer is to find their tracks. Yes, you will be making progress if you locate deer tracks, but if you know how to read the tracks, you can glean more information from them. Besides just knowing that deer was in that area, you can get a rough idea about the size, gender, and age of the deer.
Mature bucks’ tracks are larger and go deeper into the soil. Does and young bucks tracks are large with distinct halves. Fawns, on the other hand, leave very small triangle-shaped tracks. If you see dew claw marks, it is either the ground at the time was soft and muddy or it was a buck who left the impression. You could be on the trail of a buck!
Moreover, from the tracks, you can also determine which direction it is headed as sharp tips usually point forward. You can also determine if it left in a hurry or not. A deer that was on the run will leave tracks that sunk deeper and be spaced a few feet apart. A deer that was walking will have tracks that are spaced every couple of feet.
2. Deer Poop & Scat
You can learn a lot from the poop and scat of deer. Deer feed on branches during the fall and winter. Branches are rich in fiber and this creates poop that is pellet-shaped. This means that they are in young brushy forests with many branches that they can easily reach. You can locate those areas and set up a ground blind or climbing treestand.
Additionally, if their poop is more loose and watery clumps of pellets, this indicates their diet consisted mainly of green plant material. You can also search for areas with lush green vegetation to locate whitetail deer. Moreover, you can use their scat as your guide if you lose sight of their tracks.
3. Deer Beds
Learning to identify der beds can give you a lot of information to track them down. The deer bed makes a simple oval or kidney-bean shape on the ground. It is more pronounced during winter in the snow, but it can also be seen during the summer in grassy areas. If you find a single large bed, that is probably that of a mature buck. A number of beds can mean that those are doe and fawns.
Deer lie in bedding areas during the day and are more active at night. If you stumble across many smaller beds, that could mean that does and fawns are in that area during the day. Bucks will start to move downwind of those bedding areas as it get closer to the rut. You can use that information to set up and wait for the mature buck as he searches for does when the rut begins.
4. Deer Rubs
When you are scouting for deer, keep your eyes open for rub lines. Bucks will rub trees along the way when they move between bedding and feeding areas. These rub lines indicate a corridor that they move in and it gives an idea of where they go and how they got there. A fresh rub line coming out of an area will be worth investigating and hunting.
When scouting for deer, look out for scrapes. Scrapes are small portions of the ground, usually a three-foot oval area, that the deer will create by removing the leaves and debris. After removing the leaves and debris, the whitetail will urinate on the spot. They use the scrape to communicate using their urine. Bucks use the scrape to also convey their social dominance status as well as their breeding status. Does communicate by also urinating in the scrape.
6. Deer Browse
Deer browse can identify possible feeding areas. Deer sandwich branches between their bottom incisors and palette at the top. They then rip off the vegetation. This is deer browse. If you find areas with fresh browse, you can set up a tree stand in that area to look out for deer.
7. Wind Direction
Always be mindful of the wind direction. Deer have a very good sense of smell. Always be downwind of where you think the deer will be located so they don’t pick up your scent.
8. Food Sources
Always look for possible food sources such as nut-bearing trees, acorns, and fruits.
9. Local Folks
Talk to the local people. You will be surprised how much scouting information you can get from them. Most likely they have lived most of their lives in that area and know where the deer frequent. Don’t underestimate the valuable information you can get from the locals.
10. Edges & Transition Lines
Deer love edges of overgrown clear-cuts, densely covered vegetation, and ugly swamp bottoms. If you can locate these edges and watch those areas, you may find deer there. They also like areas where two different habitats meet; breaks in habitat.
The Bottom Line
How to scout deer is an important skill to learn as a hunter. Scouting is an important part of hunting and when you learn how to scout for deer, you will be rewarded handsomely. In this article, we discussed how to scout for deer to help you be successful in landing that buck.